Drugs

Substance Abuse : Drugs of Abuse

Substance Abuse : Drugs of Abuse

Introduction

  • Substance abuse is defined as excessive use or misuse of drugs or alcohol for intoxicating or mind altering effects.
  • Abused substances have become progressively more potent, and their routes of administration have become increasingly effective, resulting in greater risks of addiction and toxicity.

Classification

1. Stimulants

E.g.

  • Amphetamines
  • Cocaine
  • Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA)
  • Synthetic cathinones (Bath salts) -Methcathinone, Butylone, Naphyrone, Methylene dioxypyrovalerone

2. Hallucinogens

E.g.

Indole Amines Phenyl alkyl amines Aryl cyclo hexyl amines Cannabinoids
Lysergic acid diethylamide (LSD) Mescaline Phencyclidine Marijuana ( Tetrahydrocannabinol)
Lysergic acid amide
Psilocybin
Harmine
Bufotenin

3. Alcoholes

E.g.

  • Ethanol

Note: Alcohol dependance is treated by following drugs-

  • Disulfiram
  • Naltrexone
  • Acamprosate

4. Prescription drug abuse

E.g.

  • Opioids
  • Benzodiazepines
  • Barbiturates

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